动词使用学习方法

【英语应用写作】 2019-04-27本文已影响

 动词的四种时态:

1)一般现在时:

一般现在时的构成

be 动词:主语+be(am, is, are)+其它。如: I am a boy. 是一个男孩。

2. 行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。 如: We study English. 我们学习英语。 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she, it)时,要在动词后加"-s""-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。 动词+s 的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes,watch-watches, go-goes 3.以―辅音字母+y‖结尾,变 y i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

 

2)一般过去时:

动词过去式详解动词的过去式的构成规则有:

A、规则动词

①一般直接在动词的后面加ed:如 worked , learned , cleaned , visited

②以e 结尾的动词直接加 d:如 lived , danced , used

③以辅音字母加y 结尾的动词要改 y i 再加 ed(此类动词较少)如 studystudied carrycarried worry worried (注意 playstay 不是辅音字母加 y,所以不属于此类)

④双写最后一个字母(此类动词较少)如stopped B、不规则动词(此类词并无规则,须熟记)小学阶段要记住以下动词的原形和过去式:sing sang , eat ate ,see saw , have had , do did , go went , take took , buy bought , get got , read read ,fly flew , am/is was ,arewere , say said , leaveleft , swim swam , tell told ,draw drew , comecame , lose lost , find found , drink drank , hurt hurt , feel felt

 

3)一般将来时:

基本结构: ①be going to + do

will+ do. be going to = willI am going to go swimming tomorrow

(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

 

4)现在进行时: am,is,are+动词现在分词

动词现在分词详解动词的ing 形式的构成规则:

①一般的直接在后面加上ing , doing , going , working , singing ,eating

②以e 结尾的动词,要先去 e 再加 ing ,如 having , writing

③双写最后一个字母的(此类动词极少)有:running , swimming ,sitting , getting

 

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